Foot drop is a condition in the foot where the foot cannot move upward and out. Foot drop is generally caused by damage to the common peroneal nerve or paralysis to the anterior musculature of the leg. Foot drop can occur from a wide variety of conditions including trauma to the nerve, stroke, neuromuscular disease, or auto immune disease. Dwayne Wade experienced this phenomenon recently which caused him to miss an NBA game. Wade stated in warm ups he experienced numbness in his left leg and was unable to lift his left foot. After a few days of rest and treatment wade said he regained all function and had no numbness. The cause of wade’s foot drop was unknown.
Due to the inability to move the foot properly, foot drop can cause different symptoms. Numbness can occur in the lower extremity of the affected side. A patients gait can be severely affected due to this inability to move the foot properly. This can cause pain the foot due to overload and improper gait cycle. Patients commonly end up with “steppage gait.” You can develop wounds from the friction of rubbing on shoes or braces.
- Custom orthotics or AFO (Ankle Foot Orthoses)
- Electrical stimulation
- Surgical treatment
- Activity modification
- Physical therapy